The Scarecrow face makeup that Ray Bolger wore consisted, in part, of a rubber prosthetic with a woven pattern to suggest cloth. By the time the film was finished the prosthetic had left a pattern of lines on his face that took more than a year to vanish.
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
In the 1940s, GE and government researchers were trying to figure out how to weaken the destructive power of hurricanes. Part of that work involved building an understanding of how ice crystals form in clouds. These animations come from a 1947 film showing scientists making snow in a lab freezer.
Nobel Prize winner Irving Langmuir teamed with Vincent Schaefer and Bernard Vonnegut to study the science of snow. Their experiments with weather control provided Bernard’s brother, Kurt, the inspiration to write Cat’s Cradle.
The stamp set marks the 75th anniversary of Mexico’s AAA Baseball League and features the work of four popular Mexican illustrators.
Clockwise from upper left, they are Francisco Toledo, a graphic artist well known for his social commitment to his home state of Oaxaca; Gilberto Aceves Navarro, painter, teacher, and member of the Academia de Artes in Mexico City; Eduardo Del Rio (Rius), a widely read political cartoonist, author, and activist; and the late Abel Quezada, another leading Mexican political cartoonist and painter. Quezada created over a dozen New Yorker covers between 1981 and his death in 1991.
Text and photo by Michael Bartalos